Use: Electrolytes are small ionic solutions that are important for the cells in the body to function and allow the body to work. Electrolytes such as sodium, potassium, and others are critical in allowing cells to generate energy, maintain the stability of their walls, and to function in general. They generate electricity, contract muscles, move water and fluids within the body, and participate in a myriad of other activities to help your body function.
History: While most people know of electrolytes from sports drinks and what they do to refuel an athlete who loses essential fluids, they have been known by scientists for over 150 years. Electrolytes were discovered in 1884 by Svante August Arrhenius, a Swedish scientist. He won the Noble Prize in chemistry in 1903.